Multidimensional Poverty Drops Between 2012 and 2017

The Bhutan MPI monitors 13 indicators – food security, low education and inadequate sanitation, distributed across three dimensions. Bhutan’s MPI was based on the data from the Bhutan Living Standard Survey (BLSS) in 2017.

A typical Bhutanese village. (Source: www.drukasia.com)

 

About 6 percent of Bhutanese are multi-dimensionally poor this year, a decrease from 12 percent in 2012, according to the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) in 2017.

The report stated that among indicators which reflect living standards in Bhutan, there was a large improvement in the use of cooking fuel and sanitation between 2012 and 2017.

The usage of cooking fuel declined from 9.8 percent to 3.8 percent, and deprivation in sanitation dropped from 6.2 percent to 1.8 percent.

The 13 indicators of the Bhutan Multidimensional Poverty Index

The Bhutan MPI monitors 13 indicators – food security, low education and inadequate sanitation, distributed across three dimensions. Bhutan’s MPI was based on the data from the Bhutan Living Standard Survey (BLSS) in 2017.

Although child mortality has fallen significantly, the report stated that the pace of reduction was slower than most other indicators because there was no information available in the BLSS on when the child died.

“There are also important reductions in other indicators such as electricity (-4.2%) and road access (-3.7%),” the report stated.

 “Years of schooling were the indicator that contributed the most to poverty (30.2% and 31.9%) in both the years.”

According to the report, sanitation and cooking fuel witnessed the largest absolute improvements (-13.5 and -13.4% points) respectively, followed by electricity (-8.4) and road access (-5.4).

On the other hand, deprivations in livestock ownership worsened between 2012 and 2017, which the report stated was probably due to livelihood adjustments among the non-poor in rural areas and also because of rural-urban migration.

“In 2017 the indicators that contribute the least to the MPI are access to a clean sources of water, asset ownership and access to electricity (each with a contribution below 1%),” the report stated.

“In terms of dimensions, education contributes the most to overall poverty (around 40%) for both years, while health increased its contribution to overall poverty in 2017, moving from 24 percent to almost 35 percent.”

Comparison of the Multidimensional Poverty Index between Thimphu and Gasa

Thimphu, where 17 percent of the population lives, had a multidimensional poverty rate of 2.6 percent in 2017. Whereas in Gasa, which is home to a little over 0.4 percent of the country’s population, 29 percent of the population are poor.

“This progress occurred during the 10th and 11th plans, which prioritised poverty reduction,” the report stated.

“The primary reason is that among the multidimensional poor people in Bhutan, 58 percent of them are deprived in less than 5/13 of the weighted indicators, and 89 percent are deprived in less than 6/13 of the weighted indicators.”

The report suggests that further rapid progress is still feasible.

 

By Yangchen C Rinzin (This article has been edited for the New Bhutan Times)

This article first appeared on Kuensel.

 

 


Related Posts

​Bhutan is the 3rd Fastest Growing Economy in 2017

Lyonchhen said that if one went by The Economist ‘World in numbers’ figures, then Bhutan is predicted to be the fastest...

Jan 03, 2018 11:36

Bhutan’s Unemployment Rate at Historic Low of 2%

A majority of the persons (300,831) in the labour force are employed. Unemployment rate is the proportion of unemployed...

Dec 19, 2017 10:38

Thimphu TechPark aims to attract foreign investment

The main mission of the company is to attract reputed IT/ITES companies from both within Bhutan and around the world to...

Oct 01, 2017 17:37

Another Techpark in Bhutan by 2019

The Ministry of Information and Communications (MoIC) will establish another Techpark by 2019. This is geared towards...

Oct 17, 2017 09:38

Techstars Startup Weekend Bhutan (Eco-Tourism): 54 Hours where...

The eventful weekend saw 130 keen people in attendance, of which 56 pitched ideas. This was the fifth time that such an...

Nov 29, 2017 08:46

Gasa lives the organic dream

Organic dream to be lived in!

Jul 29, 2017 16:54

Latest

News

Bhutan Lifts Ban On Rupee Note, Advises Against Holding Indian Currency In Cash

Bhutanese can now bring new series of INR 500 notes in and out of Bhutan.

Jun 20, 2018 15:17

Bhutan Joins Seeds Without Borders To Import Better Quality Seeds

The seed agreement covers a number of rice-based crops such as maize, wheat, vegetables, pulses and other crops.

Jun 18, 2018 17:40

Features

What People Are Saying About The Finale Episode Of Anthony Bourdain Parts Unknown: Bhutan

It was a bittersweet season finale for the late Anthony Bourdain’s show Parts Unknown.

Jun 25, 2018 14:45

63 Year Old Traditional Healer In Bhutan Has Fixed More Than A Thousand Sprains And Fractured Bones

For more than three decades, Tashi Wangdi has been fixing fractures and sprained joints in Trashigang.

Jun 23, 2018 08:43

Sports

World Cup Mania Grips Some Teenagers, Adults And Monks In Bhutan

A huge crowd has gathered in front of the massive TV screen to witness the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

Jun 24, 2018 18:25

Bhutanese Sonam Rigzin Played As Goalkeeper For His Team ‘King Cobra’ In The F4F World Championship In Russia

Sonam Rigzin walked into the Sapsena Arena in Russia bearing the Bhutanese national flag to open the finals.

Jun 16, 2018 08:45

Business

Dairy Farmer In Bhutan Sells Jersey Cow Milk Which Yields Good Profits

Sonam has four cross jersey cows, three of which are milking and he is able to sell more than 30 litres of milk every day.

Jun 25, 2018 09:11

Interview With Bhutan Alternatives: A Social Enterprise Which Recycles Printer Cartridges

The firm also employed 17 female and 13 male employees from underprivileged families and high school dropouts.

Jun 22, 2018 10:55

Travel

Six Senses Bhutan Preparing For October 2018 Opening

Three of the five Six Senses luxury lodges are now taking reservations for travel starting on Nov 3, 2018.

Jun 21, 2018 10:01

Heat Maps Illustrate the Sacred Routes of Buddhist Pilgrims

In Strava’s heat maps, the devotional movements of tired pilgrims become blazing symbols of sacred geography.

Jun 18, 2018 09:32

Lifestyle

‘Do You Know Your Child’ A Popular Show In Bhutan Helps Parents Bond Better With Their Kids

Since its inception in 2013, about 264 Bhutanese children have participated in the show.

Jun 20, 2018 18:43

Mountain Echoes Literary Festival Returns On Aug 23 - Here's Why You Should Attend

This year's festival celebrates 50 years of diplomatic relations between Bhutan and India.

Jun 15, 2018 00:32

Subscribe to our newsletter

Never miss out on new happenings and news stories!