Multidimensional Poverty Drops Between 2012 and 2017

Email

The Bhutan MPI monitors 13 indicators – food security, low education and inadequate sanitation, distributed across three dimensions. Bhutan’s MPI was based on the data from the Bhutan Living Standard Survey (BLSS) in 2017.

A typical Bhutanese village. (Source: www.drukasia.com)

 

About 6 percent of Bhutanese are multi-dimensionally poor this year, a decrease from 12 percent in 2012, according to the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) in 2017.

The report stated that among indicators which reflect living standards in Bhutan, there was a large improvement in the use of cooking fuel and sanitation between 2012 and 2017.

The usage of cooking fuel declined from 9.8 percent to 3.8 percent, and deprivation in sanitation dropped from 6.2 percent to 1.8 percent.

The 13 indicators of the Bhutan Multidimensional Poverty Index

The Bhutan MPI monitors 13 indicators – food security, low education and inadequate sanitation, distributed across three dimensions. Bhutan’s MPI was based on the data from the Bhutan Living Standard Survey (BLSS) in 2017.

Although child mortality has fallen significantly, the report stated that the pace of reduction was slower than most other indicators because there was no information available in the BLSS on when the child died.

“There are also important reductions in other indicators such as electricity (-4.2%) and road access (-3.7%),” the report stated.

 “Years of schooling were the indicator that contributed the most to poverty (30.2% and 31.9%) in both the years.”

According to the report, sanitation and cooking fuel witnessed the largest absolute improvements (-13.5 and -13.4% points) respectively, followed by electricity (-8.4) and road access (-5.4).

On the other hand, deprivations in livestock ownership worsened between 2012 and 2017, which the report stated was probably due to livelihood adjustments among the non-poor in rural areas and also because of rural-urban migration.

“In 2017 the indicators that contribute the least to the MPI are access to a clean sources of water, asset ownership and access to electricity (each with a contribution below 1%),” the report stated.

“In terms of dimensions, education contributes the most to overall poverty (around 40%) for both years, while health increased its contribution to overall poverty in 2017, moving from 24 percent to almost 35 percent.”

Comparison of the Multidimensional Poverty Index between Thimphu and Gasa

Thimphu, where 17 percent of the population lives, had a multidimensional poverty rate of 2.6 percent in 2017. Whereas in Gasa, which is home to a little over 0.4 percent of the country’s population, 29 percent of the population are poor.

“This progress occurred during the 10th and 11th plans, which prioritised poverty reduction,” the report stated.

“The primary reason is that among the multidimensional poor people in Bhutan, 58 percent of them are deprived in less than 5/13 of the weighted indicators, and 89 percent are deprived in less than 6/13 of the weighted indicators.”

The report suggests that further rapid progress is still feasible.

 

By Yangchen C Rinzin (This article has been edited for the New Bhutan Times)

This article first appeared on Kuensel.

 

 


Related Posts

​Bhutan is the 3rd Fastest Growing Economy in 2017

Lyonchhen said that if one went by The Economist ‘World in numbers’ figures, then Bhutan is predicted to be the fastest...

Jan 03, 2018 11:36

Bhutan’s Unemployment Rate at Historic Low of 2%

A majority of the persons (300,831) in the labour force are employed. Unemployment rate is the proportion of unemployed...

Dec 19, 2017 10:38

Thimphu TechPark aims to attract foreign investment

The main mission of the company is to attract reputed IT/ITES companies from both within Bhutan and around the world to...

Oct 01, 2017 17:37

Another Techpark in Bhutan by 2019

The Ministry of Information and Communications (MoIC) will establish another Techpark by 2019. This is geared towards...

Oct 17, 2017 09:38

Techstars Startup Weekend Bhutan (Eco-Tourism): 54 Hours where...

The eventful weekend saw 130 keen people in attendance, of which 56 pitched ideas. This was the fifth time that such an...

Nov 29, 2017 08:46

Gasa lives the organic dream

Organic dream to be lived in!

Jul 29, 2017 16:54

Latest

News

Bhutan Ranks 134th Out Of 189 Countries On The Human Development Index

Bhutan has climbed a step up from its 135th rank in 2016, according to the Human Development Indices and Indicators.

Sep 19, 2018 16:25

National Assembly Election 2018: Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa And Druk Phuensum Thosgpa Through To General Round

Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa secured 92,722 votes and Druk Phuensum Thosgpa secured 90,020 votes.

Sep 15, 2018 21:50

Features

Drukgyel Dzong Which Used To House Sacred Bhutanese Documents Lost to A Fire In 1951, To Be Restored By 2022

The reconstruction works began in April 2016 after the command of His Majesty The King to celebrate the birth of His Royal Highness (HRH)...

Sep 17, 2018 15:42

11 Year Old Author Revives Forgotten Snowball Culture Of ‘Khakey’ In Bhutan

Khakey is a custom that originated in Western Bhutan and was popular a few generations ago.

Sep 13, 2018 19:27

Sports

No Medals Won But Bhutan Was Recognised For Its Concept Of Happiness By Various News Outlets At The 18th Asian Games

Stephen Wade said that in the Olympics results, there is a direct correlation between how much money a country spends and how many medals...

Sep 20, 2018 17:10

Bhutanese Female Athlete Aces In Athletics And Boxing While Juggling Studies

Tandin was selected to compete at the 18th Asian Games in Indonesia last month.

Sep 09, 2018 17:24

Business

Cultivation Of Avocado Looks Set To Take Off In Tsirang, Bhutan

A few farmers have already started selling avocados in the Sunday vegetable market for about Nu 250-350 a kilogram.

Sep 18, 2018 15:38

BEBL Group Aims To Export Bhutan’s Finest Agro-Products To New Markets Such As The Middle-East

Most of the Bhutanese commodities are absorbed within the Indian market, BEBL feels that the farmers are deprived of their deserving market...

Sep 14, 2018 17:52

Travel

Handicrafts Shops Thrives In Paro Selling Bhutanese Textile, Paintings, Bamboo Products And More

With businesses picking up fast as a result of the tourism boom, the handicraft shops in Paro have even formed a committee with a...

Sep 16, 2018 14:56

Be Awe-Inspired By The ‘Dance Of The Terrifying Gods’ And More At The Thimphu Tshechu Which Starts On 19 Sept

Held from 19 to 21 Sept 2018, the annual Thimphu Tshechu (festival) is a vibrant visual feast for both locals and foreigners.

Sep 12, 2018 20:45

Lifestyle

Miniature Bhutan Creates Amazing Artworks Out Of Pencil Lead And Rice Grains

Miniature Bhutan carves on the lead of pencil tips to make traditional miniature sculptures such as the Buddha, traditional bridges, swords...

Sep 10, 2018 12:44

Bhutan Buy - E-Commerce Platform Seeks To Promote Sale Of Bhutanese Products And Change The Way Bhutanese Shop

Samir Pradhan started Bhutanbuy, an e-commerce company, the first of its kind in Bhutan.

Sep 06, 2018 23:30

Subscribe to our newsletter

Never miss out on new happenings and news stories!